NASA scientists have simulated a chemical process by which water components can be made on the surface of the moon, making it a chemical plant. This progress will help achieve the goal of human survival there.
The NASA team used a computer program to simulate the chemical reaction of the solar wind hitting the surface of the moon. When a charged particle stream called the solar wind illuminates the surface of the moon at a speed of 450 kilometers per second, it enriches the surface of the moon with water.
Scientists have discovered that when the sun streams protons to the moon, these particles interact with electrons on the surface of the moon to form hydrogen (H) atoms. These atoms then migrate through the surface and lock in a large number of oxygen (O) atoms bound in the silica (SiO2) and other oxygen-containing molecules that make up the lunar or weathered soil.
Scientists say that hydrogen and oxygen together make the molecular hydroxyl (OH) a component of water or water.
Physicist Orenthal James Tucker of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Maryland says that knowing how much water on the moon - or its chemical composition - is a permanent presence for NASA's dispatch of humans. The goal is crucial. A statement was issued on Wednesday.
"The whole process is like a chemical factory," said William M. Farrell, a plasma physicist at Goddard, adding that "every exposed body of silica in space - from the Moon down to a small dust grain - has the potential to create hydroxyl and thus become a chemical factory for water".
Tucker's simulations show that as the solar wind continues to bombard the lunar surface, it breaks the connection between silicon, iron and oxygen atoms that make up most of the lunar soil. This results in an oxygen atom having an unsatisfactory bond.
When hydrogen atoms flow across the surface of the moon, they are temporarily trapped together (longer, cooler areas in warmer places). They float from O to O and then eventually spread to the moon's atmosphere and eventually into space.
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