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The Jallianwala Bagh massacre has completed 100 years on 13 April 2019. On April 13, 1919, thousands of people gathered in protest against the Rowlett Act in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar. British officer General Dyer closed the main gate of the premises with help of his 90 soldiers and without any prior warning he started shooting which continued for 10 minutes.
About 1000 people were killed in this incident, while more than 1500 were injured. But the number of people killed in the British government is 379 and the number of injured people is 1200. These people were gathered here to protest against the Rowlett Act.
What was the Rowlett Act?
The Rowlett Act, also called black law, was created by the British government of India to crush the national movement emerging in India. These laws were made on the basis of the recommendations of the Selection Committee headed by Sir Sydney Rowlett.
By this law, the British government had received this right that they can hold any Indian in the court without trial and sentence them in jail.
Fierce opposition of law?
Under this law, the culprit did not even have the right to know the name of the person who filed a lawsuit against him. This law was fiercely opposed in the whole country. Countrywide strikes, hooligans and demonstrations started to occur. Mahatma Gandhi called for a massive strike.
Two great social leaders of Amritsar, ‘Dr. Satyapal’ and ‘Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew’ were also arrested. After this, there was anger among the people of Punjab, including Amritsar. On 13th April 1919, on the day of Vaisakhi, the farmers of Punjab had gathered in the Golden Temple of Amritsar. A protest meeting was held on the same day at Jallianwala Bagh. In which General Dyer has fired bullets on the people. This event is considered to be the darkest day in British Indian history.
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